Doumbek Rhythm Cheat Sheet. Uploaded by Carmine T. Guida. This is a rhythm sheet I used to give out in classes. Please feel free to share this as much as you. Dumbek rhythms are a collection of rhythms that are usually played with hand drums such as the dumbek. These rhythms are various combinations of these. Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Music Rhythms: Diagrams and Performance Aids .. and rolls. Darbuka Belly doumbek solo with a frame drum back up.

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Aqsaq Afrangi 9×8 video. Herman Rechberger is a Finn who studies Arabic music speaks Arabic and has apparently traveled a good deal in the Middle East has a web version of his book on Arabic rhythmic modes here — it is very interesting, however I find the rhythmic notation on the web page almost impossible to read.

Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Dance Rhythm Diagrams and Descriptions

Short and clear 3-Dum Masmoudi by Salah Said. This presence in Europe, along with the cultural interaction during the crusades, was responsible for many Middle Eastern instruments and musical forms finding their way into Europe. Presumably this rhythm accompanies a vocal or musical form of this poetry. One of the earliest surviving sources on Middle Eastern music theory is the “Kitab al-Aghani” Book of Songs by “Abu al-Faraj Ali of Esfahan”; it was written in the early 10th century — unfortunately the technical sections on music and rhythm theory are completely in decipherable.

Levant refers to several countries: The measures are then broken down into a fixed number of possible divisions. Safi-al-Din, the author of two of the oldest surviving technical texts on music was one of the few who barely escaped the purge and wound up working in the Mongul court.

Dumbek rhythms

Quddaam, although written as a 3 often comes out at least in songs I’ve heard sounding like a 2 or a 4 — especially when it gets fast and it does. As in the ‘T’, you should aim for the edge of the rim where the head and the rim meet.


I have tried to note variations of name. Modern and probably much older Persian music focuses a lot on melodic and rhythmic improvisation — primarily on the stringed “tar”. This family of doumbbek it’s ancestors and variations were probably brought to Rhythmz by Middle Eastern musicians and gypsies? As each successive Tek strikes the head, you draw the secondary hand up, across the head, towards the primary hand, causing the timber of the Tek to go up.

Roots of RhythmWeb. Modern Middle Eastern and Greek musicians tend to approximate the western method of breaking down rhythms down by measures. If you start a rhythm, stick with it for at least sixteen measures. There are numerous problems for modern students attempting to study early Middle Eastern music: T k Karsilama description Mariah dances and zills to a Turkish Karsilama.

In Egyptian songs e. I’ve tried to use time notations that would be familiar rhyhms western musicians with some notation to show variations such as shortened segments. Greeks living in Turkey and Asia Minor assimilated it there authentically This 9-beat aqsaaq rhythm is so popular it is sometimes simple called “aqsaaq”. Mevlana with a host of clarinets and some unexpected piano chords.

Repeating cycles were because of the song, not because there was a rhhthms standard length of measure. Where do we start? Time Signatures, Music Theory For a modern western percussionist or musician considering rhythm the most important thing is how many beats there are to a measure.

This 9 beat rhythm is a popular belly rhythmw beat, and is also used in Turkish and Greek folk songs e.

Quick and Dirty Guide to the Doumbek

When playing within a group of drummers, doukbek least two-thirds of the drummers, and preferably more, should play the base rhythm, while the other drummers provide the accents for the dancers. It is usually filled as an 8-beat rhythm and has a much different feel. Also note that many of the names are transliterated from some language that doesn’t use roman letters so spelling may vary.

Most of the rhythms shown below are shown in simple non-filled form doumbsk then various ways to fill the rhythm are shown. Many of these rhythms are rather syncopated in practice. Big leg kicks, lots of swaying, often low to the ground, arms outstretched and in a hunched stance, head bowed and eyes to the ground. Hey, I did it too.


It is sometimes played polyrhythmically with other 8-beat rhythms e. I enjoy it myself. Egypt shares that same music. Loud Taks make doumgek difference. Most of the rhythms vary from their perspective ‘Open’ rhythm only by the ‘fillers’ which are included in what would otherwise be the quiet periods of the rhythm.

I would appreciate any comments, corrections, or additional rhythms or variations.

Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Music Rhythms: Diagrams and Performance Aids

Often organized in triplets, 1 triplet per beat. A particular, “waaHida sayyAra” is also called “Libi” by Egyptians due to its apparent modern popularity in Libya. Masmoudi’s are fairly common in belly dance dkumbek — historically they are also used in muwashashat — they are particularly percussion-intense and make a quite convenient and recognizable rhythm in which a dancer can accent a dance.

Generally speaking Masmoudi’s sound big kabiir and the maqsums quick and nimble khafiif. Watch the dancers and voumbek to learn their signals.

Eva Cernika long-time famous advocate of Turkish and Turkish Romany style. This guide rhtthms out as a rather simple cheat sheet I pulled together to use as a handout for an ‘Intro to Doumbek’ class which I taught at a local Trimarian event. It’s an improvised dance.

Note that in Egypt it is pronounced gurgina. Where did all of this tradition come from? Reda Troupe perform a Fellahi dance. The Middle East is essentially divided into three cultures: Used in modern Egyptian compositions. Complements Ayyub and Bayouk. This type of rhythm is still part of a lot domubek traditional Middle Eastern music.

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