Anandagiri * in his commentary on the Gaudapada-Karika- bhasya (that goes under the name of Sankara) mentions that. Gaudapada practised penance at. Gauḍapāda’s work is Māṇḍūkyakārikā, which consists of verses. Each verse is called a kārikā. Śaṅkara writes a commentary on the 12 mantras of the. This is the English translation of the Mandukya Karika by Gaudapada, which is a commentary on the Mandukya Upanishad. The school of.

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Gxudapada is exquisitely serene, eternally resplendent, divinely absorbed, unchanging and fearless. For duality is never perceived when the mind ceases to act. That state where there is only perception without the actual presence of an object is said to be the ordinary dream state. The second quarter is Taijasa, whose sphere of activity is the dream state, who is conscious of internal objects, who is endowed with seven limbs and nineteen mouths and who is the experiencer of subtle objects.

Even in the waking state what is imagined by the mind within is unreal, while what is grasped by the mind outside is gaueapada. And liberation will not be Eternal, if it has a beginning. Thus external objects are not born of consciousness; nor is consciousness born of external objects. Knowledge has its object, since otherwise it brings about the destruction of duality. Regarding both body and Atman as his abode, he remains satisfied with what comes by chance. He who knows this attains a superior knowledge, receives equal treatment from all and finds in his family no one ignorant of Brahman.

The same applies to the jivas. The appearances do not emerge from Consciousness, for their nature is not that of a substance. Similarly, nothing whatsoever is born whether it be existent or non-existent or both existent and non-existent. Some claim creation is the result of the expansion of the Self, some claim it is a mere magic show, some claim the creation is from God’s desire, some claim Kala time creates all beings.


So, too mortal can never become Immortal. According to Karikasuch wise individuals, do not care about praise from anyone, are beyond all rituals, are homeless wanderers, for they have realized the true inside them and outside; they, translates Potter, “remain steadfastly true to nature”.

The first quarter is vaisvanara. Having realised the Truth that is uncaused and having abstained from obtaining any further gaudapaxa, one attains the state of fearlessness that is devoid of grief and delusion [kama].

Gaudapada’s Karika on the Mandukya Upanishad: Realistic or Idealistic Metaphysics?

This is so because objects are non— existent and the ideas that appear as external objects are not distinct from the mind. He even freely quotes and appeals to them. Vaisvanara Atman, whose sphere of activity is the waking state, is A, the first letter of AUM, on account of his all— pervasiveness or on account of his being the first. These [creatures], perceptible to the consciousness of the man in the waking state, have no existence apart from his consciousness.

Therefore consciousness is not born, nor are things perceived by it born. The birthless is known by the birthless. This is the beginning and end of all beings. Moksha Liberation cannot have a beginning and be eternal. The Immortal can never become mortal.

The Mandukya Upanishad (Gaudapa Karika and Shankara Bhashya)

Atman, appears to be dual in the waking state. A substance could be the cause of a substance and another could be the cause of any other thing. Since the period is short, one does not go to the place and see. We have pointed out at length the Nairatmya standpoint of Buddhism and its total opposition to the Atman soul, substance, the permanent and universal in any form.

Karikas 45—52 state that only Vijnana consciousness is real, explaining it with an example gaduapada fire stick before and during the time it burns, and adding we construct and deconstruct our state of awareness.

The objects [in a dream] differ owing to the location within the body owing to the spatial limitation.

Gaudapada’s Karika on the Mandukya Upanishad

Augustinian theodicy Best of all possible worlds Euthyphro dilemma Inconsistent triad Irenaean theodicy Natural evil Theodicy. There is no non-existent that serves as the cause of the non-existent, in the same way as the existent does not serve as the cause of the non-existent. This Self is imagined to be unreal objects and also to be non-dual. It is reasonable to hold both these to be unreal.


The universe of duality which is cognized is mere illusion maya ; Non—duality alone is the Supreme Reality.

For the object is certainly non-existent and [the ideas constituting] the appearances of object are not separate from consciousness. As the jiva conjured up by the magician comes into existence and disappears, so also these jivas perceived in the waking state appear and disappear. In the even of prajna being apprehended as identical with M, [ i. That the Supreme Self is like akasa has already been stated. When the erroneous knowledge in these two is destroyed, Turiya is realized.

Another reason for this identity is the all—pervasiveness of each.

It both is and is not. One who has realized the absence of duality is not born again, since there remains no longer any cause for his birth. This separateness cannot be the real meaning of those gauapada.

The objects, too, are imagined in the non—dual Atman. Having perceived Truth internally and having perceived it externally, one should become identified with Truth, should derive delight from Truth, and should never deviate from Truth.

Mandukya Upanishad, verse By the term nature is to be known that which comes into being through right attainments, which is gwudapada, inborn, and non-produced, and which does not give up its character. These are as follows: Everything, again, as one with Gaufapada Reality, is unborn; therefore there is no such thing as destruction. Both these are perceptible to each other.