Unit 1. Introduction to IBM System p Servers and AIX system administration Administration II class (Q/AU16) includes a discussion of diagnostics. In the following example, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DTE Window Packet Logical * LU. In the following example of the LINK statement, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DNIC DTE.
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The speech synthesis project was terminated during because of insufficient commercial application to continue the funding. Donated by IBM Corp. Detailed description of TASS-III system with circuit transfer functions s-plane equationscalibration values, and a description of the sound room used for testing.
Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project. Word time slots of ms on a magnetic drum, words maximum, available to 48 telephone lines simultaneously. Dated Oct 30, to Jan 8, Sufficient data has been lbm with this history to allow diphone synthesis to be reconstructed by simulation. Initial products were commercial scales, meat and cheese slicers, industrial time-recording equipment, tabulators, and punched au166. By it had become apparent that diphones created in isolation were too stressed when used within words and phrases.
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No record available of text-to-speech. Goal of text-to-speech using diphone concatenation. K Truby, H. Dixon, by then at the T.
“OS/ IBM CS V2R IP Configuration Reference” IBM Library Server
Initial test material was a synthetic version of the Central Institute for the Deaf intelligibility test Bim W22, using phonetically-balanced words.
For that reason work during the years and addressed the use of diphones in multi-allophonic roles. Late in the year, additions to the function generator allowed the patterns to be sampled at millisecond intervals and punched into cards for entry into the IBM computer. IBM’s use of online interactive processing with graphic displays took another decade to develop.
The techniques and recordings of the project will be summarized in the following three sections: A graphics display replaced the previous multi-channel function generator.
IBM Confidential, declassified Jan. Munster,Basel: Contours on the older photocopies have been darkened by hand for better reproduction. Dixon, containing xu16 of sentence synthesis from the function generator, diphone words, and diphone sentences diphone spelling. Description and naming of diphones. A partial control pattern and sound sample.
Use of a separate analog synthesizer avoided the computer processing necessary to construct the speech wave, bim complete simulations at that time were taking times real time on a large computer, an IBM The long patterns required up to five photocopies, in which the photocopies overlap.
Test procedures and results of intelligibility tests using 64 words from telephone-intercept applications.
The synthesizer control patterns were stored digitally in the computer in short units, mainly as consonant- vowel and vowel-consonant pairs. The stored values could then be assembled by the computer in any specified order and the resulting values output to a digital tape.
Installed at the New York Stock Exchange. Formant synthesis, rather than articulatory synthesis, was chosen because it was thought the control data could be obtained from a sound spectro- graph or an electronic formant-tracker.
Aj16 Research Center Assoc. Formant synthesizer implemented with operational amplifiers and controlled by an on-line computer with graphic display. Watson Research Center report RC12 pp.
Watson Research Center, speech synthesis Dir.
Bythe company zu16 had been changed to International Business Machines Corporation, and a line of business based on a printing calculator had begun to dominate its sales. Synthesis using an improved diphone segment library and algorithms. A synthesis approach based on assembling words from stored diphone segments was chosen because of the potential reduction in required computer storage over storing whole words, and the expectation that segment assembly would require less real-time processing than a synthesis by rule method.
User’s guide for develop- ment text-to-speech system. To solve that problem, formal intelligibility tests were implemented, using naive listeners from a local university. Note that the first two patterns have different F0 and F3 scales. Diphone-assembly rules for Lib 4. Analysis of the tests suggested which diphones needed to be improved, and which diphones were being confused.
Aylsworth, ak16 effects of list familiarity and synthetic segment familiarity on the intelligibility of PB-words produced by diphone synthesis,” 70th meeting of the Acoust. Truby coined the name “Diphone” for these segments. This line of business developed into modern data processing. Experimental speech synthesis system description, diphone assembly algorithms. Ah16 of vowel duration on perceived intensity and quality.
This was one of the first uses of intelligibility tests to diagnose problems with speech synthesis.