In what way and differs and features. It can be easily interfaced with microprocessor. PIN Diagram 1. AD0-AD. HOLD: It indicates that another device is requesting the use of the address and data bus. Having received HOLD request the microprocessor relinquishes the. The various INTEL port devices are , /, , and . Peripheral Interfacing is considered to be a main part of Microprocessor, as it is the.
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In other projects Wikimedia Commons. An immediate value can also be moved into any of the foregoing destinations, using the MVI instruction. One sophisticated instruction is XTHL, which is used for exchanging the register pair Microrocessor with the value stored at the address indicated by the stack pointer. The sign flag is set if the result has a negative sign i. Views Read Edit View history. Lastly, the carry flag is set if a carry-over from bit 7 of iinterfacing accumulator the MSB occurred.
A NOP “no operation” instruction exists, but does not modify any of the registers or flags. In many engineering schools   the processor is used in introductory microprocessro courses.
Operations that have to be implemented by program code subroutine libraries include comparisons of signed integers as well as multiplication and division. These instructions use bit operands and include indirect loading and storing of a word, a subtraction, a shift, a rotate, and offset operations.
The same is not true of the Z The is a binary compatible follow up on the Once designed into such products as the DECtape II controller and the VT video terminal in the late s, the served for new production throughout the lifetime of interfacinng products.
The later iPDS is a portable unit, about 8″ x 16″ x 20″, with a handle.
However, it requires less support circuitry, allowing simpler and less expensive microcomputer systems to be built. However, an circuit requires an 8-bit address latch, so Intel manufactured several support chips with an address latch built in.
All 2-operand 8-bit arithmetic and logical ALU operations work on the 8-bit accumulator the A register. The only 8-bit ALU operations that can eith a destination other than the accumulator are the unary incrementation or decrementation instructions, which can operate on any 8-bit register or on memory addressed by HL, microprocessir for two-operand 8-bit operations.
The other six registers can be used as independent micdoprocessor or as three bit register pairs, BC, DE, and HL or B, D, H, as referred to in Intel documentsdepending on the particular instruction.
Intel – Wikipedia
The auxiliary or half carry flag is set if a carry-over from bit 3 to bit 4 occurred. Some instructions use HL as a limited bit accumulator.
This capability matched that of the competing Z80a popular derived CPU introduced the year before. This unit uses the Multibus card cage which was intended just for the development system.
Intel A Programmable Peripheral Interface
A number of undocumented instructions and flags were discovered by two software engineers, Wolfgang Dehnhardt and Villy M. A surprising number of spare card cages and processors were being sold, leading to the development of the Multibus as a separate product. An improvement over the is that the can itself drive a piezoelectric crystal directly connected to it, and a built-in clock generator generates the internal high amplitude two-phase clock signals at half the crystal frequency a 6.
Due to the regular encoding of the MOV instruction using nearly a quarter of the entire opcode space there are redundant codes to copy a register into itself MOV B,Bfor instancewhich are of little use, except for delays. The parity flag is set according to the parity odd or even of the accumulator. Intetfacing example, multiplication is implemented using a multiplication algorithm.
These instructions are written in the form of a program which is used to perform various operations such as branching, addition, subtraction, bitwise logicaland bit shift operations. Subtraction and bitwise logical operations on 16 bits is done in 8-bit steps.
Discontinued BCD oriented 4-bit It also has a bit program counter and a bit stack pointer to memory replacing the ‘s internal stack. The is supplied in a pin DIP package.