medusa dalam siklus hidupnya. Genus ini berada dalam filum Cnidaria, yang semuanya akuatik dan terutama hidup di laut yang strukturnya relatif sederhana. Transcript of Filum Cnidaria (Coelenterata). Nama Anggota: 1. Fadhil Nurrohman (06) 2. Fika Pebianti (07) 3. Lilastika Cattri (13) 4. Hydrozoa adalah kelas dari anggota hewan tak bertulang belakang yang termasuk dalam filum Cnidaria. Sebagian besar hewan Hydrozoa hidup di laut dan.

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Most hydrozoan medusae have just four tentacles, although a number of exceptions exist. Hydrozoan systematics are highly complex. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use cnidarix Privacy Policy. In some species, the reproductive polyps, known as gonozooids or “gonotheca” in thecate hydrozoans bud off asexually produced medusae.

Filum Cnidaria (Coelenterata) by Lilastika Cattri on Prezi

Views Read Edit View history. Stinging klazifikasi are found on the tentacles and around the mouth. Wikispecies has information related to Hydrozoa. A tube-like structure hangs down from the centre of the umbrella, and includes the mouth at its tip.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hydrozoa. These lack tentacles and contain numerous buds from which the medusoid stage of the lifecycle is produced. Cubozoa box jellyfish Hydrozoa hydrozoans Scyphozoa true jellyfish Staurozoa stalked jellyfish Polypodiozoa Polypodium.

In addition to these two basic types of polyps, a few colonial species have other specialized forms. The hydroid form is klaxifikasi colonial, with multiple polyps connected by tubelike hydrocauli. In any case, according to this classification, the hydrozoans can be subdivided as follows, with taxon names emended to end in “-ae”: Unlike some other cnidarian groups, the lining of the central cavity lacks stinging nematocystswhich are found only on the tentacles and outer surface.

The body consists of a dome-like umbrella ringed by tentacles. cnidadia

Where the hydrocaulus runs along the substrate, it form a horizontal root-like stolon that anchors the colony to the bottom.

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Most hydromedusae have shorter lifespans than the larger scyphozoan jellyfish. Four radial canals connect the stomach to an additional, circular canal running around the base of the bell, just above the tentacles.

These have a more or less cylindrical body with a terminal mouth on a raised protuberance called the hypostomesurrounded by a number of tentacles.

The medusae of hydrozoans are smaller than those of typical jellyfish, ranging from 0. All colonial hydrozoans also include some polyps specialized for reproduction. Especially the presumed phylogenetic distinctness of the Siphonophora is a major flaw that was corrected only recently.

In hydrozoan species with both polyp and medusa generations, the medusa stage is the sexually reproductive phase. Some of the more widespread classification systems for the Hydrozoa are listed below. Numerous sense organs are closely associated with the nerve rings. An additional shelf of tissue lies just inside the rim, narrowing the aperture at the base of the umbrella, and thereby increasing the force of the expelled jet klasiifkasi water.

The arrangement and type of these reproductive polyps varies considerably between different groups. For example, Hydra has no medusoid stage, while Liriope lacks the hydroid stage.

A few genera within this class live in fresh water. This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link from Wikidata CS1 maint: As far as can be told from the molecular and morphological data at hand, the Siphonophora for example were just highly specialized “hydroids,” whereas the Limnomedusae —presumed to be a “hydroid” suborder —were simply very primitive hydrozoans and not closely related to the other “hydroids.

Two nerve rings lie close to the margin of the bell, and send fibres into the muscles and tentacles. Zygotes become free-swimming planula larvae or actinula larvae that either settle on a suitable substrate in the case of planulaeor swim and develop into another medusa or polyp directly actinulae.

ITIS uses the same system, but unlike here, does not use the oldest available names for many groups. These tiny, new medusae which are either male or female mature and spawn, releasing gametes freely into the sea in most cases.


Uses authors parameter Webarchive template wayback links. It is sometimes placed in the Hydrozoa, though its relationships are currently unresolved—a somewhat controversial 18S rRNA sequence analysis found it to be closer to the also parasitic Myxozoan.

The hollow cavity in the middle of the polyp extends into the associated hydrocaulus, so that all the individuals of the colony are intimately connected.

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Medusae of these species of Hydrozoa are known as “hydromedusae”. The colonies of the colonial species can be large, and in some cases the specialized individual animals cannot survive outside the colony. In some species, this extends upwards to also enclose part of the polyps, in some cases including a closeable lid through which the polyp may extend its tentacles.

Partially digested food may then be passed into the hydrocaulus for distribution around the colony and completion of the digestion process.

Some examples of hydrozoans are the freshwater jelly Craspedacusta sowerbyifreshwater polyps HydraObeliaPortuguese man o’ war Physalia physalischondrophores Porpitidae” air fern ” Sertularia argenteaand pink-hearted hydroids Tubularia. The nervous system is unusually advanced for cnidarians. It was traditionally placed in its own classPolypodiozoa, and this view is often seen to reflect the uncertainties surrounding this highly distinct animal.

Other such orders were the AnthoathecataeCbidariaLaingiomedusaePolypodiozoaSiphonophora and Trachylina.

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In some, defensive polyps are found, armed with large numbers of stinging cells. An introduction to Hydrozoa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Most hydrozoan species include both a polypoid and a medusoid stage in their lifecycles, although a number of them have only one or the other.