Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.
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A related objection is that patriotism is exclusive in invidious and dangerous ways.
There is now a lively philosophical debate about the moral credentials of patriotism that shows no signs of abating. He also lives and flourishes as one because he is sustained in his moral life by his community.
Compatriots take priority because we owe it to them as a matter of reciprocity. So the activities and practices into which we enter not only give us a certain set of skills, but a tendency to continue to perfect those skills.
Reprinted amcintyre Habermas, Between Facts and Norms: Therefore, if I do not understand the enacted narrative of my own individual life as embedded in the history of my country … I will not understand what I owe to others or what others owe to me, for what crimes of my nation I am bound to make reparation, for what benefits to my nation I am bound to feel gratitude.
By doing so, she argues, our patriotism will leave room for serious, even radical criticism of our country, and will not be a force for dissension and conflict in the international arena. MacIntyre expands the Aristotelian account along these lines: As a rule, when someone is wronged, someone else benefits from that.
The Ethics of GlobalizationNew Haven: Thus, extreme Patriotism is wrong because it disregards vitue rest of the world, and no Patriotism is wrong because it disregards the local community. The same is true of patriotism Primoratz Habermas argues that this identity, expressed in and reinforced by constitutional patriotism, can provide a solid foundation for such a state, given the ethnic and cultural heterogeneity characteristic of most countries in western Europe. Moreover, she cannot admit this motivation while at the same time remaining macintyyre patriot.
Sign in to use this feature. There is, however, a major tradition in moral philosophy which understands morality as essentially universal and impartial, and seems to rule out local, partial attachment and loyalty. Pztriotism do not believe in ideals or forms of community as a nostrum for contemporary social ills. Patriotism in Social and Political Philosophy categorize this paper.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
One might find fault ptariotism the step from communitarianism to patriotism: Moreover, gratitude is appropriate only for a benefit conferred freely, as a gift, and not as a quid pro quo.
As Richard Dagger puts it:.
This explanation, however, does not apply in the case of patriotism. We can distinguish five types patriotizm patriotism, and each needs to be judged on its merits. This new, emphatically political version of patriotism has been met with both sympathy and skepticism.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
For MacIntyre, where and from whom I learn my morality is of decisive importance both for my commitment to it and for its very contents. Simon Keller has examined patriotism from this point of view, and found it wanting.
Others have argued against patriotism of any sort GombergMcCabeKeller I give my political loyalty to no program. We owe our country our life, our education, our language, and, in the most fortunate cases, our liberty. Some of these objections can easily be countered. But in the course of the 20 th century nationalism was deeply compromised. Many think of patriotism as a natural and appropriate expression of attachment to the country in which we were born and raised and of gratitude for the benefits of life on its soil, among its people, and under its laws.
Alasdair MacIntyre, for example, argues that morality is rooted in the life of a specific real community — a village, a city, a nation, with its idiosyncratic customs and history — and that, therefore, adherence to morality requires loyalty to such a community.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
Ultimately, I have to revert to my membership in some core natural kind — the human kind — to judge the appropriateness of the effects that practices and groups macinthre on me. Conveniently enough, it usually turns out that we are patriots, while they are nationalists see Billig55— This is only a definition.
If you do think your values, for example those of western liberal democracy, are the best at hand despite their flaws, feelings of universalized sympathy towards others might lead you to want to spread those values. Sign in Create an account.